Before you begin this assignment, read through the Home page and the required readings. Specifically, view The legal infrastructure of public health at https://vimeopro.com/aptrmodules/phlm/video/75320296.
This video is part of Public Health Learning Modules project funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and developed by Temple University Department of Public Health and the Association for Prevention Teaching and Research as a free teaching resource for public health professionals.
For this component of the Session Long Project, you will describe the legal infrastructure of public health. Your task is to submit a paper that responds to the following questions:
- Explain why law is a crucial part of public health practice.
- Identify and describe the three types of public health law.
- Identify two items on the list of the Ten Essentials Public Health Services that explicitly refer to law or policy.
Length: 2–3 pages.
Expert Solution Preview
Introduction: Public health is defined as the science of protecting the safety and improving the health of communities through education, promotion of healthy lifestyles, and research for disease and injury prevention. In this assignment, we will discuss the legal infrastructure of public health and its importance in public health practice.
1. Why is law a crucial part of public health practice?
Law plays a crucial role in public health practice as it lays the foundation for public health policies and regulations that aim to prevent diseases from spreading and maintain the overall health of the public. Public health laws range from federal to state levels and cover various areas such as food and drug safety, environmental health, and disease control. The law helps to provide a legal framework and ensure the protection of the population from public health risks.
2. Identify and describe the three types of public health law.
The three types of public health law are:
a) Constitutional law: The US Constitution provides the foundation for public health law, particularly with respect to the government’s power to regulate public health.
b) Statutory law: This type of law is enacted by the legislative branch and includes federal, state and local statutes that deal with public health issues such as regulation of food, drugs, and infectious diseases.
c) Administrative law: This type of law consists of rules and regulations that are developed by government agencies to implement and enforce statutory laws. Examples of administrative law in public health include regulations for drinking water quality and air pollution control.
3. Identify two items on the list of the Ten Essentials Public Health Services that explicitly refer to law or policy.
Two items on the list of Ten Essentials Public Health Services that explicitly refer to law or policy are:
a) Develop and enforce laws, regulations, and policies that protect health and ensure safety: This essential service recognizes the importance of developing and enforcing laws that protect the health and safety of the public. Examples of such laws include food and drug safety regulations, environmental health regulations, and infectious disease control measures.
b) Inform, educate and empower people about health issues: This service recognizes the importance of educating the public about public health issues and policies. Education and empowerment are key elements in achieving lasting behavioral change that support a healthy and safe environment. Laws and policies that protect public health must be communicated effectively to the public to ensure compliance and support.
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